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  1. Pete Buttigieg eating cinnamon roll 'like a chicken wing' draws ridicule online
  2. 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon
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  4. Cinnamon (Desktop Environment)

Cinnamomum verum , which translates as 'true cinnamon', is native to India , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh , and Myanmar. Related species, all harvested and sold in the modern era as cinnamon, are native to Vietnam, Indonesia and other southeast Asian countries with warm climates. The first Greek reference to kasia is found in a poem by Sappho in the seventh century BC. According to Herodotus , both cinnamon and cassia grew in Arabia, together with incense, myrrh , and labdanum , and were guarded by winged serpents. In Ancient Egypt, cinnamon was used to embalm mummies.

The gifts of Hellenistic rulers to temples sometimes included cassia and cinnamon. Cinnamon was brought around the Arabian peninsula on "rafts without rudders or sails or oars", taking advantage of the winter trade winds. According to Pliny the Elder, a Roman pound grams Cinnamon was too expensive to be commonly used on funeral pyres in Rome, but the Emperor Nero is said to have burned a year's worth of the city's supply at the funeral for his wife Poppaea Sabina in AD Through the Middle Ages , the source of cinnamon remained a mystery to the Western world.

From reading Latin writers who quoted Herodotus, Europeans had learned that cinnamon came up the Red Sea to the trading ports of Egypt, but where it came from was less than clear. When the Sieur de Joinville accompanied his king to Egypt on crusade in , he reported — and believed — what he had been told: that cinnamon was fished up in nets at the source of the Nile out at the edge of the world i. Marco Polo avoided precision on the topic. Pliny the Elder wrote in the first century that traders had made this up to charge more, but the story remained current in Byzantium as late as Indonesian rafts transported cinnamon directly from the Moluccas to East Africa see also Rhapta , where local traders then carried it north to Alexandria in Egypt.

The disruption of this trade by the rise of other Mediterranean powers, such as the Mamluk sultans and the Ottoman Empire , was one of many factors that led Europeans to search more widely for other routes to Asia. During the s, Ferdinand Magellan was searching for spices on behalf of Spain, and in the Philippines found Cinnamomum mindanaense , which was closely related to C. This cinnamon eventually competed with Sri Lankan cinnamon, which was controlled by the Portuguese.

In , Dutch traders established a trading post in Sri Lanka, took control of the manufactories by , and expelled the remaining Portuguese by When one is downwind of the island, one can still smell cinnamon eight leagues out to sea. The British took control of Ceylon from the Dutch in Cinnamon is an evergreen tree characterized by oval-shaped leaves, thick bark, and a berry fruit.

When harvesting the spice, the bark and leaves are the primary parts of the plant used.

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The following year, about a dozen new shoots form from the roots, replacing those that were cut. A number of pests such as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides , Diplodia spp.

Pete Buttigieg eating cinnamon roll 'like a chicken wing' draws ridicule online

The stems must be processed immediately after harvesting while the inner bark is still wet. The cut stems are processed by scraping off the outer bark, then beating the branch evenly with a hammer to loosen the inner bark, which is then pried off in long rolls. Only 0. The processed bark dries completely in four to six hours, provided it is in a well-ventilated and relatively warm environment. A less than ideal drying environment encourages the proliferation of pests in the bark, which may then require treatment by fumigation with sulphur dioxide.

10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon

A number of species are often sold as cinnamon: [26]. Cassia induce a strong, spicy flavour and is often used in baking, especially associated with cinnamon rolls , as it handles baking conditions well. Ceylon cinnamon, using only the thin inner bark, has a lighter brown colour, a finer, less dense and more crumbly texture. It is considered to be subtle and more aromatic in flavour than cassia and it loses much of its flavour during cooking.

The barks of the species are easily distinguished when whole, both in macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. Ceylon cinnamon sticks quills have many thin layers and can easily be made into powder using a coffee or spice grinder, whereas cassia sticks are much harder. Indonesian cinnamon is often sold in neat quills made up of one thick layer, capable of damaging a spice or coffee grinder.

Saigon cinnamon C.

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  5. The powdered bark is harder to distinguish, but if it is treated with tincture of iodine a test for starch , little effect is visible with pure Ceylon cinnamon, but when Chinese cinnamon is present, a deep-blue tint is produced. These groups are further divided into specific grades.

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    For example, Mexican is divided into M special, M, and M, depending on quill diameter and number of quills per kilogram. Featherings are the inner bark of twigs and twisted shoots. Chips are trimmings of quills, outer and inner bark that cannot be separated, or the bark of small twigs. Cinnamon bark is used as a spice.

    Did you know cinnamon is actually the bark of a tree? See it's fascinating farm to fork journey

    It is principally employed in cookery as a condiment and flavouring material. It is used in the preparation of chocolate , especially in Mexico.

    Cinnamon (Desktop Environment)

    Cinnamon is often used in savoury dishes of chicken and lamb. In the United States, cinnamon and sugar are often used to flavour cereals , bread-based dishes, such as toast , and fruits , especially apples ; a cinnamon-sugar mixture is sold separately for such purposes. It is also used in Turkish cuisine for both sweet and savoury dishes. Cinnamon can also be used in pickling and Christmas drinks such as eggnog. Cinnamon powder has long been an important spice in enhancing the flavour of Persian cuisine , used in a variety of thick soups, drinks, and sweets. The flavour of cinnamon is due to an aromatic essential oil that makes up 0.

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